Wednesday, March 11, 2009

SUPPORTING COMMUNITY BASED RESPONSES TO AIDS: A guidance tool for including Community Systems

Community-based organizations play a critical role in responding to HIV. Over
the last three decades, they have been key providers of prevention services, treatment, care, and support as well as addressing the social, political, legal and financial environment needed to support scaled up effective responses. In many countries and contexts, their impact and engagement are magnifi ed by the reliance on them by some of the most hard-to-reach individuals—including members of key affected populations such as injecting drug users (IDUs), men who have sex with men (MSM) and sex workers Fulltext.

Thursday, September 4, 2008

The changing roles and access to services by children in HIV/AIDS affected households in the Makete District Iringa,Tanzania

This study reports the preliminary results of the research on the changing roles and
access to services by children in HIV/AIDS affected households in Makete district, Iringa,
Tanzania. Fulltext
Date: 2007
Emmanuel Chingonikaya
Kizito Mwajombe

Friday, June 20, 2008


Date: January 2008
Author: Tanzania Commission for AIDS

This report explains the details about the current status of HIV and AIDS , overview of the epidemic, National response and the best practices. The report covers the HIV and AIDS issues in the period of two years from January 2006 to December 2007. Fulltext

Tuesday, March 4, 2008

Towards universal access by 2010 : how WHO is working with countries to scale-up HIV prevention, treatment, care and support.

Author: WHO
Date: 2006

This document describes the contribution that the World Health Organization (WHO) will make, as the United
Nations agency responsible for health, in working towards universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and
support in the period 2006–2010. It proposes an evidence-based Model Essential Package of integrated health
sector interventions for HIV/AIDS that WHO recommends be scaled up in countries, using a public health approach,
and provides an overview of the strategic directions and priority intervention areas that will guide WHO’s technical
work and support to its Member States as they work towards universal access over the next four years. Fulltext

Sunday, February 17, 2008


Ripoti ya Mwaka 2006 inatoa muhtasari wa takwimu za hivi
karibuni kuhusu maendeleo kufikia malengo ya MKUKUTA ya
kupunguza umaskini Tanzania.Fulltext

Saturday, December 29, 2007

Cost-Effectiveness of HIV Prevention in Developing Countries

This article posits that HIV prevention interventions in developing countries can reduce the incidence of HIV infection and sometimes save financial resources in the process. It also provides an overview of the basic theory underlying cost-effectiveness analysis. Although the chapter focuses on prevention, treatment and research are also indispensable to addressing the epidemic; these three tracks must be viewed as inseparable components of the overall response to the AIDS pandemic. Fulltext

Sunday, December 16, 2007

Network capacity analysis: rapid assessment guide

The aim of this toolkit is to build the skills required by civil society networks to develop and strengthen their capacity. They can be used by networks to help identify their capacity building needs, plan technical support interventions, and monitor and evaluate the impact of capacity building. Fulltext

CBO Capacity Analysis Toolkit

This capacity analysis toolkit was developed to enable community based organisations to analyse levels of capacity in different organisational and technical areas. It is based on a previous toolkit developed under the Communities Responding to the HIV/AIDS Epidemic (CORE) Initiative, where the Alliance was the consortium partner providing expertise in organisational capacity building for HIV programming.

This toolkit can be used with community organisations to identify capacity-building needs, plan any technical support needed by the organisation, and monitor and evaluate the impact of capacity-building support.

This toolkit is based on a design developed by Geoff Foster, of Family AIDS Caring Trust in Zimbabwe and was further developed and piloted for this version with contributions from ANCS (Alliance Nationale Contre le SIDA) in Senegal, International HIV/AIDS Alliance in the Caribbean, CARE Rwanda, CARE Uganda, Thai National AIDS Foundation, CORE Initiative and the Alliance secretariat. Fulltext

Friday, November 16, 2007

From access to adherence:the challenges of antiretroviral treatment:Studies from Botswana, Tanzania and Uganda 2006

Author: Anita Hardon

The devastating impact of AIDS in the world – especially in sub‐Saharan Africa ‐ has
led to an unprecedented global effort to ensure access to antiretroviral (ARV)
medicines to treat the disease in every country where HIV is a threat. While the World
Health Organization (WHO) goal of ensuring access to antiretroviral treatment (ART)
for 3 million people by end of 2005 was not achieved, an estimated 1.3 million people
who would not otherwise have been treated now have access to ART. This book is a
testament to the early treatment successes and the hidden challenges of antiretroviral
therapy (ART) in resource poor settings. It is also a wake up call to the risk of
treatment failure and the development of widespread ARV resistance unless all
patients are given the continuing support they need to achieve full adherence to ARVs. Fulltext

Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey 2004/05

Author: National Bureau of Statistics Tanzania

The 2004-05 Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey (TDHS) is the sixth in a series of
national sample surveys conducted in Tanzania to measure levels, patterns, and trends in demographic
and health indicators. The first one was the 1991-92 TDHS, which was followed by the Tanzania
Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Survey (TKAPS) in 1994, the 1996 TDHS, the 1999 Tanzania Reproductive and Child Health Survey (TRCHS), and the 2003-04 Tanzania HIV/AIDS Indicator Survey (THIS).
The principal objective of the 2004-05 TDHS was to collect data on household characteristics,
fertility levels and preferences, awareness and use of family planning methods, childhood mortality, maternal and child health, breastfeeding practices, antenatal care, childhood immunisation and diseases, nutritional status of young children and women, malaria prevention and treatment, women’s status, female circumcision, sexual activity, and knowledge and behaviour regarding HIV/AIDS and other STIs.Fulltext

Friday, November 9, 2007

Community Home-Based Care (CHBC) Training

Pathfinder International, October 2006.

This pre-tested and peer-reviewed curriculum focuses on the knowledge and skills necessary for providing holistic CHBC for people living with HIV/AIDS, transferring knowledge and skills to caregivers and CHBC clients, and mobilizing communities around HIV/AIDS prevention, care, treatment, and support. The trainer’s guide uses simple language and emphasizes participatory learning methodology that do not require high literacy levels of participants. It includes comprehensive units that cover topics from HIV basics, communication skills, nursing care, nutrition, positive living, family planning, HIV prevention, ART, to community mobilization. Fulltext

Thursday, November 8, 2007

HIV Prevention Community Planning Guide

The HIV Prevention Community Planning Guidance provides a blue-print for HIV prevention
planning and provides flexible direction to CDC grantees receiving federal HIV prevention funds to design and implement a participatory HIV prevention community planning process. HIV prevention community planning is a collaborative process by which health departments work in partnership with the community to implement a CPG(s) to develop a comprehensive HIV prevention plan that best represents the needs of populations infected with or at risk for HIV. Fulltext

Wednesday, October 31, 2007

The Serostatus Approach to Fighting the HIV Epidemic: Prevention Strategies for Infected Individuals

In the United States, HIV prevention programs have historically tailored
activities for specific groups primarily on the basis of behavioral risk factors and
demographic characteristics. Through the Serostatus Approach to Fighting the Epidemic
(SAFE), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is now expandingprevention programs, especially for individuals with HIV, to reduce the risk of transmission as a supplement to current
programs that primarily focus on reducing the risk of acquisition of the virus. For individuals with HIV, SAFE comprises action steps that focus on diagnosing all HIV-infected persons, linking them to appropriate high-quality care and prevention services, helping them adhere
to treatment regimens, and supporting them in adopting and sustaining HIV risk reduction behavior. SAFE couples a traditional infectious disease control focus on the infected person with behavioral interventions that have been standard for HIV prevention programs.

Tuesday, October 23, 2007

Gender-Sensitive HIV/AIDS Indicators for Monitoring and Evaluation

Author: World Bank
Date: 2007
Publisher: World Bank

Greater efforts to fight the HIV/AIDS pandemic emphasize efficient and effective programs, policy, and capacity building. This requires adequate monitoring and evaluation of progress. Choosing the appropriate indicators varies according to the goal of the project, the region, the HIV-prevalence rate, and how gender issues affect the spread of HIV/AIDS. This document outlines a number of gender-sensitive indicators that focus on outcomes and impact. Fulltext

Policy and advocacy in HIV/AIDS prevention : strategies for enhancing prevention interventions

This handbook provides suggestions for getting involved in policy
development. It is written for program managers and policy advocates and others who are interested in advocacy work and in the policy aspects of HIV/AIDS prevention. The handbook provides an overview of how to contribute to making policy an effective component of HIV/AIDS prevention.As with any guide, the words on paper here must be adapted to real life and local situations. Fulltext

Friday, October 12, 2007

Financial Resources Required to Achieve Universal Access to HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support

Author: UNAIDS
Date: September 2007

Description: Since 2001, UNAIDS and its partners have tracked the flow of resources to HIV programmes, and projected what funding will be needed in the future for a comprehensive response. This report summarizes the latest resource needs analysis, which takes into account important services that have recently been added to the HIV response, and incorporates an improved understanding of economies of scale associated with expansion of national programmes. Fulltext

Policy brief: reduction of HIV transmission through outreach

Date: 2004
In many countries, access to drug-dependence treatment and HIV/AIDS prevention and care services is limited for injecting drug users. Moreover, users of illicit drugs are commonly marginalized by communities and usually attempt to remain hidden from the authorities, especially law enforcement agencies. They also frequently avoid using institutional treatment and other services, either because they fear being registered as illicit drug users and prosecuted, or because they feel that the drug-dependence treatment on offer would not respond to their needs. Consequently, the drug users who could benefit most from HIV/AIDS prevention services and drug-dependence treatment are often the least likely to use these services. For this reason, HIV/AIDS prevention programmes have undergone significant change during the past two decades: instead of waiting for injecting drug users to enter health and social institutions they offer services to users where they are and where they use drugs. In order to accomplish such programmes a strong outreach component is necessary, involving various approaches. Fulltext

WHO and UNAIDS announce recommendations from expert consultation on male circumcision for HIV prevention

Date: March 2007

Description: In response to the urgent need to reduce the number of new
HIV infections globally the World Health Organization (W HO) and the UNAIDS Secretariat convened an international expert consultation to determine whether male circumcision should be
Recommended for t he prevention of HIV infection.
Based on the evidence presented which was considered to be compelling experts attending the consultation recommended that male circumcision now be recognized as an additional important intervention to reduce the risk of heterosexually acquired HIV infection in men. Fulltext

Minimum standards for civil society participation in the universal access initiative.

Date: August 2007.

Description: The universal access initiative refers to the commitment by United Nations member states to scale up HIV prevention, treatment, care and support to reach all who need it by 2010. Universal access processes will be integrated into national responses to HIV and AIDS and monitored at the national, regional and international level. The involvement of civil society in all processes related to universal access is essential to its implementation and outcomes.

This document, developed with input from civil society participants and organizations from the Asia-Pacifi c region, proposes a process and framework to encourage minimum standards for civil society participation in universal access processes, in other words, that a minimum set of requirements, actions, conditions or adherence to principles for civil society participation in universal access will be met and agreed to by governments and civil society. Fulltext

Voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) services.

Author: National Aids Control Program (Tanzania)

Description: This is a document with mainland regions statistical data about VCT services for the year 2005/06 and future plan for 2006/07. Fulltext