Friday, October 12, 2007

Strengthening district health sector responses to HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa. An evaluation of the WHO/OPEC Fund Multi-country Initiative on HIV/A

Author: WHO

Date: July, 2006

Description: The WHO/OPEC Fund Initiative on HIV/AIDS was launched in 2003 in twelve African countries (Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Togo, Uganda, Tanzania, and Zambia) in
order to:
• strengthen the response of the health sector, both in the prevention of HIV transmission and through enhance support and care for the persons living with HIV/AIDS, and
• increase the availability and access to services for populations living in rural districts.
Based on their national priorities, the participating countries implemented a set of interventions in seven technical areas, including voluntary counseling and testing (VCT), prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT), STI management,
care and support, blood safety, monitoring and surveillance, and HIV prevention.
WHO reviewed workplans and provided technical support to finalize workplans. WHO also provided technical support to countries during implementation and conducted monitoring visits to ensure quality and assist in problem solving. As the Initiative nears its conclusion, the countries have undertaken an evaluation to review the accomplishments, obstacles, and Lessons Learned during implementation of the Initiative. Since several of these projects are still under way, information on their effectiveness is not yet available. The scope of this evaluation examines how the Initiative has contributed to:
• filling gaps at the normative level;
• building national and local level capacity; and
• scaling up key interventions. Fulltext

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